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During the negotiations of the treaties in Saskatchewan it was always a matter of discussion between the Indian leaders and the treaty makers. It was a firm position of Indian leaders that the sale of intoxicants, etc. would be prohibited to Indian people.
The reason for this at the time was that traders were coming across from the United States and selling cheap liquor to Indian people and as a result of this many people were killed and Indian people were not getting, in many cases, a fair price for their goods which were taken by the traders. Thus, up until 1951 the Indian Act contained a clause which prevented Indian people from having liquor at any time and at any place.
With the act of 1951 changes were made and they allowed for three stages,
However, the possession of intoxicants or being intoxicated on a reserve must be in accordance with Provincial law. When a reserve holds a vote and decides to have liquor on the reserve they must also at the same time decide that they will comply and live in accordance with Provincial law.
The end result is that in all of Saskatchewan Indian people are entitled to drink and have liquor off the reserve the same as white persons providing they do not break the laws of the Province. If the reserves are dry reserves Indian people may have liquor off of the reserve and drink as indicated above however it would be illegal for them to take any liquor on to a dry reserve. If the reserve is wet, it becomes the same as the rest of the Province.