A E I O U
*Glottal stops occur when one vowel follows another
but are not marked.
Añ *Eñ Iñ Oñ Uñ
*Eñ only occurs in Daíoþa and has
the sound of the English word in.
*Oñ does not occur in Laíoþa.
The ñ is used to indicate the nasal sound. These
sounds are not common in English and are not part of
the English alphabet. When they do occur in English
the ñ is used to represent them in the pronunciation
key of the dictionary but not in standard writing.
Consonant Sound Families
B Ö P Ó ÷
£ ¢ Ä
*D Þ T Å T’
*Does not occur in Laíoþa
G G’ Ú K Í K’
Ð Ü Ü’
J § ¹
Occurs only in Laíoþa
Z Æ S Á
Voiced Consonants (Sonants)
B D G Ð J Z
J is used for the zh sound, this is how it was represented
in the first writing system for Daíoþa/Naíoþa/Laíoþa.
Some other Daíoþa/Naíoþa/Laíoþa
writing systems use Z and some use the linguistic symbol
?. The zh sound is considered a primary phoneme in English
linguistics but in standard English writing there is
no consistency in how it is written.
Non-aspirated (Medial Surd)
£ Ú Ö Þ
These sounds are rare in English and are not part of
its alphabet. When they do occur, no accommodation is
made to distinguish them in standard English writing
or in phonetic pronunciations. Although the ¤
is not that prevalent, the ú, ö, and þ
occur often in Daíoþa/Naíoþa/Laíoþa.
Therefore a line or macron has been placed above the
letter to indicate that the sound is different than
that which the letter makes in English. Naíoþa
often uses the voiced sonant sound where Daíoþa/Laíoþa
uses the non-aspirated medial surd sound. (ie: Daíoþa/Laíoþa
ßuñúa and Naíoþa ßuñga)
Voicless [aspirated] (Surd)
¢ Ü K P S §
In English linguistics, ch and sh are considered primary
phonemes. But in standard English writing and phonics
they are treated as consonant digraphs. Because they
are primary phonemes, in Daíoþa/Naíoþa/Laíoþa
they are treated as such and are given one symbol to
represent them. The ch is represented by © and
the sh by ß.
Ü Í Ó Å
The velarized sounds do not occur in English therefore
a dot has been placed above the letter both to indicate
that the sound is velarized and to tell that the sound
does not occur in English.
¢’ Ü’ K’ P’ S’
English does not have glottal stops therefore an accent
mark has been placed after the letter to indicate that
there is a glottal stop made before saying the rest
of the word and to tell that the sound does not occur
Only occurs in Laíoþa
Bd Bl By
Gl Gm Gn Gw Gy
Hb Hd Hm Hn Hw
Üb Ü© Üd Ül Üm Ün
Üp Üö Üþ Üt Üw
Kb K© Kd Km Kn Ks Kþ Kt
Ps Pß Pþ Pt
Sd Sl Sk Sm Sn Sp Sw St
§l §k §m §n §p §t §w