Part B: The Verb
19. The Theme Prefix
This is the last of the verb prefixes. It is similar
to the adverbial prefixes and is most easily learned as
part of the verb. If this prefix is present, it occurs between
the plural dá and the
dual he . Some of these prefixes
are of unknown meaning; some are nouns incorporated into
are each talking’
theme prefix is ya .
the theme prefix is jéth
, meaning ‘hook’.
theme prefix is la , meaning ‘job’.
seem to be of indefinite number, there being as many as
needed for meanings.
will show all of the prefix positions, with their order
mechanical agreement with certain prefixes, the classifiers
perform other functions.
I has a causative effect.
killed him’ (caused him to die)
boils it’ (causes it to boil)
1 and d have a passive meaning.
sees the man’
man is seen’
is fixing it’
is being fixed’
Note that classifier
1 changes the first consonant / 1 / in the stem to / y /.
The exact manner in which the classifier system functions
is not clearly understood.