Dene

Grammar Guide

Part B: The Verb

4. Second Person Subject Pronoun, Dual
Second person dual ‘you’ is formed by adding the prefix uh, inserted just before the classifier and stem.

Yeøtsi ‘he is making it’
Huøtsi ‘you (2) are making it’
yeríttvagh 'He hears it'
dúhttvagh 'You (2) hear it'
or
holni 'He is telling a story'
huønü 'You (2) are telling a story'
or
yu?eth 'He is kicking it'
huh?eth 'You (2) are kicking it'

If the syllable immediately preceding uh ends in / a /, the two vowels sometimes combine to form / o /

nádher 'He is staying'
nótther 'You (2) are staying'
or
yaøti ‘he is talking'
yoøti 'You (2) are talking'

Special Note about Postpositions and Pronouns
We have already learned that there are two third person pronouns that are used with postpositions, be and ye. We have seen that be is used when the predicate contains a verbal adjective or a verb of quality. ye is only used when the predicate contains an action verb, with the subject in third person. If the subject is in first or second person, be, is used.

yena eghálana 'He is working for it'
bena eghálasna 'I am working for it'
bena eghálaghída 'We (2) are working for it'
yetßén eret´ís 'He is writing to him'
betßén erüt´ís 'Are you writing to him?'
betßén erüt´ís ¿á húsä? 'Are you (2) writing to him?'

 
Saskatchewan Indian Cultural Centre