Women's Roles And Responsibilities
role of women of long ago entailed a wide variety of duties.
They were caregivers, housekeepers, decision-makers, and
were responsible for the well being of the household.
Women took on domestic duties that might be considered
feminine, but they worked just as hard as the men to ensure
that their families did not lack the necessities of life.
were responsible for food preservation and preparation.
They dried meat, berries and edible roots in the summer
so that they would have a variety of foods to eat in the
winter. They also made hides so that they could make clothing
for their families. Mothers and Grandmothers were responsible
for the education of children, especially girls. They
taught the girls how to work, to be good mothers and how
to have respect for others and for themselves. It was
very important for a young girl to know all these things,
because she would become the teacher when she had her
were taught on behaviour, they were told how to act when
they were around men, boys, Elders and strangers. The
way they presented themselves reflected on how they were
taught. A girl was judged on her behaviour, if she was
loud and flirted with other men/boys, the parents would
comment that she was not the sort of person that they
would want to be with their children.
and mothers were responsible for teaching girls about
pregnancy. They taught the young women how to act when
they were expecting, what to eat and things that they
could not do during this time. Young women were told that
their moods during pregnancy would affect their unborn
Spiritual beliefs were the main focus of educating young
children. They were encouraged to attend feasts and ceremonies
whenever possible. The grandmothers and mothers taught
the girls of the protocol of attending them. Feasts and
ceremonies taught children that they had to pay homage
to a higher power and to respect Mother Earth.
accomplishments of women were not the sort that would
bring them fame, but to assure that their families did
not lack the things that they needed. Women were responsible
for the quality of the family life. Women were intent
to be in the background, very private and invisible to
much of the other people in the community.