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Article: Kinship System

The system of determining relations among the Saulteaux bares both differences and similarities in Eurocentric kinship determination. The following is an example of the principles of kinship that the Saulteaux people held. For a reference point, we will call an individual "X".
· Of the second descending generation from X, the members of such are perceived as "Grandson" or "Granddaughter". The terms for these are "Nonsís" and "Nonsís-sanyéns" respectively.
· All of X's relatives in the second ascending generation are known as "Grandfather" and "Grandmother". The terms for these are "Nimisomis" and "Nókó" respectively.
· Different terms are used for both the younger and older siblings of X
· X's sibling's (that ARE of the same gender) children, are perceived as X's children. The terms for Son and Daughter are N'gosis and Danís respectively. Similarly, X's sibling's (that ARE NOT of the same gender) children, are perceived of as nieces or nephews. The terms for these are Nínimgwanaéns and Nisimisáens respectively.
· Parallel cousins (i.e. A male's father's brother's son or daughter, or a female's mother's sister's son or daughter) are referred to as brother or sister.
· Cross cousins (i.e. A male's Father's Sister's Son or daughter or a female's Mother's Brother's Son or Daughter) are considered as cousins in the Eurocentric perception.
· X's Parallel cousins' children are considered X's children, this is true only if the parallel cousin of X is of the same gender as X.
· X's cross cousins' children are considered niece and nephew.