was the responsibility of the Parents and Grandparents.
The teaching started at an early age when the child could
understand, "Don't do that". As the child got
older more was taught, behaviour, values and all the things
that he/she would encounter while growing up. The parents
relied on the elders to help with child upbringing. The
Elders, especially the ladies, were the experts on childrearing;
they made the best teachers. Children were rebuked for
their mistakes but not spanked for them. Sometimes a child
might not listen to what he/she is told or to do what
he/she is told not to do. In these situations a parent
or grandparent might spank their child but there was never
any child abuse that took place. It was understood to
the Saulteaux that their children were not theirs but
on loan from Kítsi-manitó
and should be treated with respect.