Origin & Structure of the Hohe
described by First Boy - James Larpentuer Long, Fort Peck
Assiniboine-Sioux, in The Assiniboine: From Accounts of
the Old Ones Told to First Boy (James Larpenteur Long),
edited by Michael Stephen Kennedy , University of Oklahoma
Press, 1961, p 15 (originally published as Land of the
Nakoda by the Montana Writer Program in 1942)
the very early days the whole Assiniboine tribe of Indians
was in one band. As the population increased, the distribution
of game killed for meat became a problem. There were com-plaints
from families who did not get their share, and often there
was not enough to go around to every lodge.
was for that reason that families, with their near relatives,
gradually moved away from the main band. They roamed and
hunted as they chose, even though there was the danger
of an attack from the enemy. As their small groups increased
in size, they naturally formed separate bands.
time there were enough people in each band to set up the
different societies and have their own dances and other
amuse-ments. A chief and headman finally made a band complete.
separate groups lived alone and each occupied a district.
The different locations of the bands brought about many
new habits; and costumes were adopted which were most
suitable to the country occupied. In that way the habits
and costumes differed among the bands.
those who moved away were looked upon by the original
band as deserters, there was still a friendly feeling
it formed into a regular band, each group was given a
name by the people who did not move away. Some of the
names suggested the kind of country the people lived in,
such at Ptegam-bina, Swamp People; Osnibi, People of the
Cold; and Hebina, Rock Mountain People. Other bands were
given names to ridi-cule or reprimand them for their dress
or habits of living, such as Cantidada, Moldy People;
or Wazinazinyibi, Fat Smokers.