(Bears Paw, Chiniki, and Wesley Nakota
Bands are party to this Treaty)
of a Treaty made and concluded this twenty-second day
of September, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight
hundred and seventy-seven, between HER MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY
THE QUEEN of Great Britain and Ireland, by Her Commissioners,
the Honorable DAVID LAIRD, Lieutenant-Governor and Indian
Superintendent of the North-West Territories, and JAMES
FARQUHARSON MACLEOD, C.M.G., Commissioner of the North-West
Mounted Police, of the one part, and the Blackfeet, Blood,
Peigan, Sarcee, Stoney and other Indians, inhabitants
of the Territory north of the United States Boundary Line,
east of the central range of the Rocky Mountains, and
south and west of Treaties numbers six and four, by their
Head Chiefs and Minor Chiefs or Councillors, chosen as
hereinafter mentioned, of the other part.
the Indians inhabiting the said Territory have, pursuant
to an appointment made by the said Commissioners, been
convened at a meeting at the "Blackfoot Crossing'
of the Bow River, to deliberate upon certain matters of
interest to Her Most Gracious Majesty of the one part,
and the said Indians of the other;
And Whereas the said Indians have been informed by Her
Majesty's Commissioners that it is the desire of Her Majesty
to open up for settlement, and such other purposes as
to Her Majesty may seem meet, a tract of country, bounded
and described as hereinafter mentioned, and to obtain
the consent thereto of Her Indian subjects inhabiting
the said tract, and to make a Treaty, and arrange with
them, so that there may be peace and good will between
them and Her Majesty and between them and Her Majesty's
other subjects; and that Her Indian people may know and
feel assured of what allowance they are to count upon
and receive from Her Majesty's bounty and benevolence;
And Whereas the Indians of the said tract, duly convened
in Council, and being requested by Her Majesty's Commissioners
to present their Head Chiefs and Minor Chiefs, or Councillors,
who shall be authorized, on their behalf, to conduct such
negotiations and sign any Treaty to be founded thereon,
and to become responsible to Her Majesty for the faithful
performance, by their respective Bands of such obligations
as should be assumed by them, the Blackfeet, Blood, Peigan
and Sarcee Indians have therefore acknowledged for the
purpose, the several Head and Minor Chiefs, and the said
Stoney Indians, the Chiefs and Councillors who have subscribed
hereto; that thereupon, in open Council, the said Commissioners
received and acknowledged the Head and Minor Chiefs and
the Chiefs and Councillors presented for the purpose aforesaid;
Whereas the said Commissioners have proceeded to negotiate
a Treaty with the said Indians; and the same has been
finally agreed upon and concluded as follows, that is
to say: the Blackfeet, Blood, Peigan, Sarcee, Stoney and
other Indians inhabiting the District hereinafter more
fully described and defined, do hereby cede, release,
surrender, and yield up to the Government of Canada for
Her Majesty the Queen and her successors for ever, all
their rights, titles and privileges whatsoever to the
lands included within the following limits, that is to
at a point on the International Boundary due south of
the western extremity of the Cypress Hills, thence west
along the said boundary to the central range of the Rocky
Mountains, or to the boundary of the Province of British
Columbia, thence north-westerly along the said boundary
to a point due west of the source of the main branch of
the Red deer River, thence south-westerly and southerly
following on the boundaries of the Tracts ceded by the
Treaties numbered six and four to the place of commencement;
also all their rights, titles and privileges whatsoever,
to all other lands wherever situated in the North-west
Territories, or in any other portion of the Dominion of
have and to hold the same to Her Majesty the Queen and
Her successors forever:
Her Majesty the Queen hereby agrees with Her said Indians,
that they shall have right to pursue their vocations
of hunting throughout the Tract surrendered as heretofore
described, subject to such regulations as may, from time
to time, be made by the Government of the country, acting
under the authority of Her Majesty, and saving and excepting
such Tracts as may be required or taken up from time to
time for settlement, mining, trading or other purposes
by Her Government of Canada; or by any of Her Majesty's
subjects duly authorized therefore by the said Government.
It is also agreed between Her Majesty and Her said Indians
that Reserves shall be assigned them of sufficient area
to allow one square mile for each family of five persons,
or in that proportion for larger and smaller families,
and that said Reserves shall be located as follows, that
is to say:
- The Reserves of the Blackfeet, Blood and Sarcee Bands
of Indians, shall consist of a belt of land on the north
side of the Bow and South Saskatchewan Rivers, of an average
width of four miles along said rivers, downstream, commencing
at a point on the Bow River, River twenty miles north-westerly
of the Blackfoot Crossing thereof, and extending to the
Red Deer River at its junction with the South Saskatchewan;
also for the term of ten years, and no longer, from the
date of the concluding of this Treaty, when it shall cease
to be a portion of said Indian reserves, as fully to all
intents and purposes as if it had not at any time been
included therein, and without any compensation to individual
Indians for improvements, of a similar belt of land on
the south side of the Bow and Saskatchewan Rivers of an
average width of one mile along said rivers, down stream;
commencing at the aforesaid point on the Bow River, and
extending to a point one mile west of the coal seam on
said river, about five miles below the said Blackfoot
Crossing; beginning again one mile east of the said coal
seam and extending to the mouth of Maple creek at its
junction with the South Saskatchewan; and beginning again
at the junction of the Bow River with the latter river,
and extending on both sides of the South Saskatchewan
in an average width on each side thereof of one mile,
along said river against the stream, to the junction of
the Little Bow River with the latter river, reserving
to Her Majesty as may now or hereafter be required by
Her for the use of Her Indian and other subjects, from
all the reserves hereinbefore described, that right to
navigate the above mentioned rivers, to land and receive
fuel and cargoes on the shores and banks thereof, to build
bridges and establish ferries thereon, to use the fords
thereof and all the trails leading thereto, and to open
such other roads through the said Reserves as may appear
to Her Majesty's Government of Canada, necessary for the
ordinary travel of Her Indian and other subjects, due
compensation being paid to individual Indians for improvements
, when the same may be in any manner encroached upon by
- That the Reserves of the Peigan Band of Indians shall
be on the Old Man's River, near the foot of the Porcupine
Hills at a place called "Crow's Creek."
THIRDLY - The Reserve of the Stoney Band of Indians shall
be in the vicinity of Morleyville.
In view of the satisfaction of Her Majesty with the recent
general good conduct of her said Indians, and in extinguishment
of all their past claims, she hereby, through Her Commissioners,
agrees to make them a present payment of twelve dollars
each in cash to each man, woman and child of the families
Her Majesty also agrees that next ear, and annually afterwards
forever, she will cause to be paid to the said Indians,
in cash, at suitable places and dates, of which the said
Indians shall be duly notified, to each Chief, twenty-five
dollars, each minor Chief or Councillors (not exceeding
fifteen minor Chiefs to the Blackfeet and Blood Indians,
and four to the Peigan and Sarcee Bands, and five councillors
to the Stoney Indian Bands), fifteen dollars, and to every
other Indian of whatever age, five dollars; the same,
unless there be some exceptional reason, to be paid to
the heads of families for those belonging thereto.
Her Majesty agrees that the sum of two thousand dollars
shall hereafter every year be expended in the purchase
of ammunition for distribution among the said Indians
PROVIDED, that if at any future time ammunition become
comparately unnecessary for said Indians, Her Government,
with the consent of said Indians, or any of the Bands
thereof, may expend the proportion due to each Band otherwise
for their benefit.
Her Majesty agrees that each Head Chief and Minor Chief,
and each Chief and Councillor duly recognized as such,
shall, once in every three years, during the term of their
office, receive a suitable suit of clothing, and each
Head Chief and Stoney Chief, in recognition of the closing
of the Treaty, a suitable medal and flag, and next year,
or as soon as convenient, each head Chief, and Minor Chief,
and Stoney Chief shall receive a Winchester rifle.
Her Majesty agrees to pay the salary of such teachers
to instruct the children of said Indians as to Her Government
of Canada may seem advisable, when said Indians are settled
on their Reserves and shall desire teachers.
Her Majesty agrees to supply each Head and Minor Chief,
and each Stoney Chief, for the use of their Bands, ten
axes, five handsaws, five augers, one grindstone, and
the necessary files and whetstones.
Further, Her Majesty agrees that the said Indians shall
be supplied as soon as convenient, after any Band shall
make due application therefore, with the following cattle
for raising stock, that is to say: for every family of
five persons, and under, two cows; for every family of
more than five persons, and less than ten persons, three
cows, for every family of over ten persons, four cows;
and every Head and Minor Chief, and every Stoney Chief,
for the use of their Bands, one bull; but if any Band
desire to cultivate the soil as well as raise stock, each
family of such Band shall receive one cow less than the
above-mentioned number, and in lieu thereof, when settled
on their Reserves and prepared to break up the soil, two
hoes, one spade, one scythe, and two hay forks, and for
every three families, one plough and one harrow, and for
each Band, enough potatoes, barley, oats and wheat (if
such seeds be suited for the locality of their reserves)
to plant the land actually broken up. All the aforesaid
articles to be given, once for all, for the encouragement
of the practice of justice and punishment any India offending
against the stipulations of this Treaty, or infringing
the laws in force in the country so ceded.
the undersigned Blackfeet, Blood, Peigan and Sarcee Head
Chiefs and Minor Chiefs, and Stoney Chiefs and Councillors,
on their own behalf and on behalf of all other Indians
inhabiting the Tract within ceded, do hereby solemnly
promise and engage to strictly observe this Treaty, and
also to conduct and behave themselves as good and loyal
subjects of Her Majesty the Queen. They promise and engage
that they will, in all respects, obey and abide by the
Law; that they will maintain peace and good order between
each other and between themselves and other tribes of
Indians, and between themselves and others of Her Majesty's
subjects, whether Indians, Half-Breeds or Whites, now
inhabiting, or hereafter to inhabit, any part of the said
ceded tract; and that they will not molest the person
or property of any inhabitant of such ceded tract, or
the property of Her Majesty the Queen or interfere with
or trouble any person, passing or travelling through the
said tract or any art thereof, and that they will assist
the officers of Her Majesty in bringing to justice and
punishment any Indian offending against the stipulations
of this Treaty, or infringing the laws in force in the
country so ceded.
Witness Whereof, Her Majesty's said Commissioners, and
the said Indian Head and Minor chiefs and Stoney Chiefs
and Councillors, have hereunto subscribed and set their
hands, at the "Blackfoot Crossing" of the Bow
River, the day and year herein first above written.
by the Chiefs and Councillors within named in presence
of the following witnesses, the same having been first
explained by JAMES BIRD, Interpreter:
Signatories of Treaty Seven*
IRVINE, Assistant Com. N.W.M.P.
J. MacDOUGALL, Missionary.
W. WINDER, Inspector.
T.N.F. CROZIER, Inspector.
E. DALRYMPLE CLARK, Lieutenant and Adjutant N.W.M.P.
A. SHURTLIFF, Sub-Inspector.
C.E. DENING, Sub-Inspector.
W.D. AUTROBUS, Sub-Inspector.
FRANK NORMAN, Staff Constable.
MARY J. MacLEOD.
CONSTANTINE SCOLLEN, Priest, witness to signatures of
Stonixosak and those following.
CHARLES E. CONRAD.
THOMAS J. BOGG.
DAVID LAIRD, Lieutenant-Governor of NorthWest Territories,
and Special Indian Commissioner.
JAMES F. MacLEOD, Lieut.-Colonel, Com. N.W.M.P., and Special
CHAPO-MEXICO, or Crowfoot, Head Chief of the South Blackfeet.
MATOSE-APIW, or Old Sun, Head Chief of the North Blackfeet.
STAMISCOTOCAR, or Bull Head, Head Chief of the Sarcees.
MEKASTO, or Red Crow, Head Chief of the South Bloods.
NATOSE-ONISTORS, or Medicine Calf.
POKAPIW-OTOIAN, or Bad Head.
SOTENAH, or Rainy Chief, Head Chief of the North Bloods.
TOKOYE-STAMIX, or Fiend Bull.
AKKA-KITCIPIMIW-OTAS, or Many Spotted Horses.
ATTISTAH-MACAN, or Runing Rabbit.
PITAH-PEKIS, or Eagle Rib.
SAKOYE-AOTAN, or Heavy Shield, Head Chief of the Middle
ZOATZE-TAPITAPIW, or Setting on an Eagle Tail, Head Chief
of the North Peigans.
AKKA-MAKKOYE, or Many Swans.
APENAKO-SAPOP, or Morning Plume.
MAS-GWA-AH-SID, or Bear's Paw.
CHE-ME-KA, or John.
KI-CHI-PWOT, or Jacob.
STAMIX-OSOK, or Bull Bacfat.
EMITAH-APISKINNE, or White Striped Dog.
MATAPI-KOMOFZIW, or the Captive or Stolen Person.
APAWAWAKOSOW, or White Antilope.
MAKOYE-KIN, or Wolf Collar.
AYE-STIPIS-SIMAT, or Heavily Whipped.
KISSOUM, or Day Ligth.
PITAH-OTOCAN, or Eagle Head.
APAW-STAMIX, or Weasel Bull.
ONISTAH-POKAH, or White Calf.
NETAH-KITEI-PIMEW, or Only Spot.
AKAK-OTOS, or Many Horses.
STOKIMATIS, or The Drum.
PITAH-ANNES, or Eagle Robe.
PITAH-OTSIKIN, or Eagle Shoe.
STAMIXO-TA-KA-PIW, or Bull Turn Round.
MASTE-PITAH, or Crow Eagle.
EKAS-KINE, or Low Horn.
KAKO-OKOSIS, or Bear Shield.
PONOKAH-STAMIX, or Bull Elk.
OMAKSI SAPOP, or Big Plume.
ONISTAH, or Calf Robe.
PITAH-SIKSINUM, or White Eagle.
APAW-ONISTAW, or Weasel Calf.
ATTISTA-HAES, or Rabit Carrier.
PITAH, or Eagle.
PITAH-ONISTAH, or Eagle White Calf.
KAYE-TAPO, or Going to Bear.
The members of the Blackfoot tribe of Indians having had
explained to us the terms of the Treaty made and concluded
at the Blackfoot Crossing of the Bow River, on the twenty-second
day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and seventy-seven; Between Her Majesty the
Queen by Her Commissioners duly appointed to negotiate
the said Treaty and the Blackfeet, Blood, Peigan, Sarcee,
Stony and other Indian inhabitants of the country within
the limits defined in the said Treaty, but not having
been present at the Councils at which the articles of
the said Treaty were agreed upon, do now hereby, for ourselves
and the Bands which we represent, in consideration of
the provisions of the said Trety being extended to us
and the Bands which we represent, transfer, surrender
and relinquish to Her Majesty the Queen Her heirs and
successors, to and for the use of Her Government of the
Dominion of Canada, all our right, title and interest
whatsoever which we and the said Bands which we represent
have held or enjoyed of in and to the territory described
and fully set out in the said Treaty; also, all our right,
title and interest whatsoever to all other lands wherever
situated whether within the limits of any other Treaty
heretofore made or hereafter to be made with Indians,
or elsewhere in Her Majesty's Territories, to have and
to hold the same unto and for the use of Her Majesty the
Queen Her heirs and successors forever;
we hereby agree to accept the several benefits, payments,
and Reserves promised to the Indians under the Chiefs
adhering to the said Treaty at the Blackfoot Crossing
of the Bow River, and we solemnly engage to abide by,
carry out and fulfill all the stipulations, obligations
and conditions therein contained on the part of the Chiefs
and Indians therein named, to be observed and performed
and in all things to conform to the articles of the said
Treaty, as if we ourselves and the Bands which we represent
had been originally contracting parties thereto and had
been present at the Councils held at the Blackfoot Crossing
of the Bow River, and had there attached our signatures
to the said Treaty.
Witness Whereof , JAMES FARQUHARSON MacLEOD, C.M.G., one
of Her Majesty's Commissioners appointed to negotiate
the said Treaty and the Chief of the Band, hereby giving
their adhesion to the said Treaty, have hereunto subscribed
and set their hands at FORT MacLEOD, this FOURTH DAY of
DECEMBER, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
by the parties hereto in the presence of the undersigned
witnesses, the same having been explained to the Indians
by the said JAMES FARQUHARSON MacLEOD, one of the Commissioners
appointed to negotiate the said Treaty, through the interpreter,
JERRY POTTS, in the presence of:
IRVINE, Assistant Commissioner .
E. DALRYMPLE CLARK, Lieutenant and Adjutant, N.W.M.P.
CHARLES E. CONRAD
W. WINDER, Inspector .
JAMES F. MacLEOD, LIEUT.-Col., Special Indian Commissioner
MEANXKISTOMACH, or THREE BULLS.