1865 Treaty with the Sioux - Sans
Oct. 20, 1865. | 14 Stat., 731
Ratified Mar. 5, 1866
Proclaimed Mar. 17, 1866
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Fort Sully,
in the Territory of Dakota, by and between Newton Edmunds,
governor and ex-officio superintendent of Indian affairs
of Dakota Territory, Edward B. Taylor, superintendent
of Indian affairs for the northern superintendency, Major-General
S. R. Curtis, Brigadier-General H. H. Sibley, Henry W.
Reed, and Orrin Guernsey, commissioners on the part of
the United States, duly appointed by the President, and
the undersigned chiefs and head-men of the Sans Arcs band
of Dakota or Sioux Indians.
The Sans Arcs band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented
in council, hereby acknowledge themselves to be subject
to the exclusive jurisdiction and authority of the United
States, and hereby obligate and bind themselves, individually
and collectively, not only to cease all hostilities against
the persons and property of its citizens, but to use their
influence, and, if requisite, physical force, to prevent
other bands of Dakota Indians, or other adjacent tribes,
from making hostile demonstrations against the Government
or people of the United States.
Inasmuch as the Government of the United States is desirous
to arrest the effusion of blood between the Indian tribes
within its jurisdiction hitherto at war with each other,
the Sans Arcs band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented
in council, anxious to respect the wishes of the Government,
hereby agree to discontinue for the future all attacks
upon the persons or property of other tribes, unless first
attacked by them, and to use their influence to promote
peace everywhere in the region occupied or frequented
All controversies or differences arising between the Sans
Arcs band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, involving the question
of peace or war, shall be submitted for the arbitrament
of the President, or such person or persons as may be
designated by him, and the decision or award shall be
faithfully observed by the said band represented in council.
The said band represented in council shall withdraw from
the route overland already established, or hereafter to
be established, through their country; and in consideration
thereof the Government of the United States agree to pay
the said band the sum of thirty dollars for each lodge
or family, annually, for twenty years, in such articles
as the Secretary of the Interior may direct: Provided,
That said band so represented in council shall faithfully
conform to the requirements of this treaty.
Should any individual or individuals or portion of the
band of the Sans Arcs band of Dakota or Sioux Indians,
represented in council, desire hereafter to locate permanently
upon any land claimed by said band for the purposes of
agricultural or other similar pursuits, it is hereby agreed
by the parties to this treaty, that such individuals shall
be protected in such location against any annoyance or
molestation on the part of whites or Indians; and whenever
twenty lodges or families of the Sans Arcs band shall
have located on land for agricultural purposes, and signified
the same to their agent or superintendent, they, as well
as other families so locating, shall receive the sum of
twenty-five dollars annually, for five years, for each
family, in agricultural implements and improvements; and
when one hundred lodges or families shall have so engaged
in agricultural pursuits they shall be entitled to a farmer
and blacksmith, at the expense of the Government; as also
teachers, at the option of the Secretary of the Interior,
whenever deemed necessary.
Any amendment or modification of this treaty, by the Senate
of the United States, shall be considered final and binding
upon the said band represented in council as a part of
this treaty, in the same manner as if it had been subsequently
presented and agreed to by the chiefs and head-men of
In testimony whereof, the Commissioners on the part of
the United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the said
Sans Arcs band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, have hereunto
set their hands this twentieth day of October, eighteen
hundred and sixty-five, after the contents had previously
been read, interpreted, and explained to the chiefs and
Edward B. Taylor,
S. R. Curtis, major-general,
Henry H. Sibley, brigadier-general,
Henry W. Reed,
The War Eagle with the Red Tail, his x mark.
Cha-tau-’hne, Yellow Hawk, his x mark.
Shon-kah-we-to-ko, The Fool Dog, his x mark.
Chan-tay-mah-to, The Bear’s Heart, his x mark.
Tah-ko-ko-ke-pish-nee, The Man that Fears Nothing, his
Nup-che-unk, The Nine, his x mark.
Mah-to-nuk-kah, The Bear’s Ears, his x mark.
Chan-desh-kah-sappah, The Black Hoop, his x mark.
Ze-te-kah-nah-sappee, The Bird Necklace, his x mark.
Signed by the Commissioners on the part of the United
States, and by the chiefs and headmen after the treaty
had been fully read, interpreted, and explained, in our
Hez. L. Hosmer, chief justice of Montana Territory.
S. S. Curtis, brevet lieutenant-colonel, U. S. Volunteers.
E. F. Ruth, secretary of Commission.
W. S. Woods, surgeon, U. S. Volunteers.
C. S. Morrison,
O. E. Guernsey,
Charles Degre, his x mark, interpreter.
Chief Crow Feather, Con-ge-we-a-ka, his x mark.
Gray Hair, Pa-he-sa, his x mark.
Red Hair, Pa-he-sha, his x mark.
The Shield Eagle, Wa-chan-ka-wam-ba-lee, his x mark.
Black Bear, Ma-to-sapa, his x mark.
Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Vol. II (Treaties).
Compiled and edited by Charles J. Kappler. Washington:
Government Printing Office, 1904.