1865 Treaty with the Sioux Oglala Band
Ratified, Mar. 5, 1866.
Proclaimed Mar. 17, 1866.
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Fort Sully,
in the Territory of Dakota, by and between Newton Edmunds,
governor and ex-officio superintendent of Indian affairs
of Dakota Territory, Edward B. Taylor, superintendent
of Indian affairs for the northern superintendency, Major-General
S. R. Curtis, Brigadier-General, H. H. Sibley, Henry W.
Reed, and Orrin Guernsey, commissioners on the part of
the United States, duly appointed by the President, and
the undersigned chiefs and head-men of the O’Galla
band of Dakota or Sioux Indians.
O’Gallala band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented
in council, hereby acknowledge themselves to be subject
to the exclusive jurisdiction and authority of the United
States, and hereby obligate and bind themselves, individually
and collectively, not only to cease all hostilities against
the persons and property of its citizens, but to use their
influence, and, if necessary, physical force, to prevent
other bands of the Dakota Indians, or other adjacent tribes,
from making hostile demonstrations against the Government
or people of the United States.
as the Government of the United States is desirous to
arrest the effusion of blood between the Indian tribes
within its jurisdiction hitherto at war with each other,
the O’Gallala band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented
in council, anxious to respect the wishes of the Government,
hereby agree to discontinue for the future all attacks
upon the persons or property of other tribes, unless first
attacked by them, and to use their influence to promote
peace everywhere in the region occupied or frequented
controversies or differences arising between the O’Gallala
band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented in council,
and other tribes of Indians, involving the question of
peace or war, shall be submitted shall be submitted for
the arbitrament of the arbitrament of the President, or
such person or persons as may be designated by him, and
the decision or award faithfully observed by the said
band represented in council.
said band represented in council shall withdraw from the
routes overland already established or hereafter to be
established through their country: and in consideration
thereof, the Government of the United States agree to
pay to the said band the sum of ten thousand dollars annually
for twenty years, in such articles as the Secretary of
the Interior may direct: Provided, That said band, so
represented in council, shall faithfully conform to the
requirements of this treaty.
any individual or individuals, or portion of the band
of the [O’Gallala] band of Dakota or Sioux Indians,
represented in council, desire hereafter to locate permanently
upon any land claimed by said band for the purposes of
agricultural or other similar pursuits, it is hereby agreed
by the parties to this treaty, that such individuals shall
be protected in such location against any annoyance or
molestation on the part of whites or Indians; and whenever
twenty lodges or families of the O’Gallala band
shall have located on land for agricultural purposes,
and signified the same to their agent or superintendent,
they as well as other families so locating shall receive
the sum of twenty-five dollars annually, for five years,
for each family, in agricultural implements and improvements;
and when one hundred lodges or families shall have so
engaged in agricultural pursuits they shall be entitled
to a farmer and blacksmith, at the expense of the Government,
as also teachers, at the option of the Secretary of the
Interior, whenever deemed necessary.
amendment or modification of this treaty by the Senate
of the United States shall be considered final and binding
upon the said band, represented in council, as a part
of this treaty, in the same manner as if it had been subsequently
presented and agreed to by the chiefs and head-men of
testimony whereof, the Commissioners on the part of the
United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the said
O’Gallala band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, have
hereunto set their hands this twenty-sixth day of October,
eighteen hundred and sixty-five after the contents had
previously been read, interpreted, and explained to the
chiefs and headmen.
Edward B. Taylor,
S. R. Curtis, major-general,
H. H. Sibley, brigadier-general,
Henry W. Reed,
on the part of the Commission, in our presence:—
Geo. D. Hill,
A. W. Hubbard,
G. C. Moody.
Chief Long Bull, Tan-tan-ka-has-ka, his x mark.
The Charging Bear, Ma-lo-wa-ta-khe, his x mark.
The Man that Stands on a Hill, Pa-ha-to-na-je, his x mark.
foregoing signatures in this handwriting (that of General
Curtis) were made in presence of the undersigned on the
28th and 29th Oct., 1865, at Fort Sully.
A. P. Shreve,
Paymaster U. S. Army.
Lieutenant-Colonel Seventh Iowa Cavalry.
Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Vol. II (Treaties). Compiled
and edited by Charles J. Kappler. Washington: Government
Printing Office, 1904.