Treaty with the Blackfeet Sioux
Oct. 19, 1865.
Ratified Mar. 5, 1866.
Proclaimed Mar. 17, 1866.
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Fort Sully,
in the Territory of Dakota, by and between Newton Edmunds,
governor and ex-officio superintendent of Indian affairs,
of Dakota Territory, Edward B. Taylor, superintendent
of Indian affairs for the northern superintendency, Major-General
S. R. Curtis, Brigadier-General H. H. Sibley, Henry W.
Reed, and Orrin Guernsey, commissioners on the part of
the United States, duly appointed by the President, and
the undersigned chiefs and headmen of the Blackfeet band
of Dakota or Sioux Indians.
Blackfeet band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented
in council, hereby acknowledge themselves to be subject
to the exclusive jurisdiction and authority of the United
States, and hereby obligate and bind themselves, individually
and collectively, not only to cease all hostilities against
the persons and property of its citizens, but to use their
influence, and, if necessary, physical force to prevent
other bands of the Dakota or Sioux, or other adjacent
tribes from making hostile demonstrations against the
Government of the United States, or its people.
as the Government of the United States is desirous to
arrest the effusion of blood between the Indian tribes
within its jurisdiction hitherto a[t] war with each other,
the Blackfeet band of Dakota or Sioux, represented in
council, anxious to respect the wishes of the Government,
hereby agree and bind themselves to discontinue for the
future all attacks upon the persons or property of other
tribes, unless first assailed by them, and to use their
influence to promote peace everywhere in the region occupied
or frequented by them.
controversies or differences arising between the Blackfeet
band of Dakota or Sioux, represented in council, and other
tribes of Indians, involving the question of peace or
war, shall be submitted for the arbitrament of the President,
or such person or persons as may be designated by him,
and the decision or award faithfully observed by the said
band represented in council.
said band, represented in council, shall withdraw from
the routes overland already established or hereafter to
be established, through their country, and in consideration
thereof, the Government of the United States agree to
pay to the said band the sum of seven thousand dollars
annually, for twenty years, in such articles as the Secretary
of the Interior may direct: Provided, That said band,
so represented in council, shall faithfully conform to
the requirements of this treaty.
amendment or modification of this treaty by the [Senate
of the United States shall be considered final and binding
upon the] said band represented in council, as a part
of this treaty, in the same manner as if it had been subsequently
presented and agreed to by the chiefs and headmen of said
testimony whereof the commissioners on the part of the
United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the said
Blackfeet band of the Dakota or Sioux, have hereunto set
their hands, this nineteenth day of October, one thousand
eight hundred and sixty-five, after the contents had previously
been read, interpreted, and explained to the said chiefs
Edward B. Taylor,
S. R. Curtis, major-general,
H. H. Sibley, brigadier-general,
Henry W. Reed,
Wah-hah-chunk-i-ah-pee, The One that is used as a Shield,
his x mark.
Wah-mun-dee-wak-kon-o, The War Eagle in the Air, his x
braves or soldiers:
Mah-to-ko-ke-pah, He that Fears the Bear, his x mark.
A-hack-ah-sap-pah, The Black Stag, his x mark.
A-hack-ah-we-chash-tah, The Stag Man, his x mark.
Mah-to-wash-tay, The Good Bear, his x mark.
Tah-ton-kah-ho-wash-tay, The Buffalo with a Fine Voice,
his x mark.
Oya-hin-di-a-man-nee, The Track that Rings as it Walks,
his x mark.
Shon-kah-hon-skah, The Long Dog, his x mark.
Shon-kah-wah-mun-dee, The Dog War Eagle, his x mark.
Wah-mun-dee-you-hah, He that has the War Eagle, his x
Muz-zah-to-yah, The Blue Iron, his x mark.
Chief Chan-ta-pa-ta, Fire Heart, his x mark.
Chief Chan-ta-non-pas, Two Hearts, his x mark.
by the Commissioners on the part of the United States,
and by the chiefs and headmen after the treaty had been
fully read, interpreted, and explained, in our presence:—
W. Hubbard, M. C. Sixth District Iowa.
E. F. Ruth, secretary to Commission.
O. D. Barrett, special agent Indian Affairs.
S. S. Curtis, major, Second Colorado Cavalry.
R. R. Hitt, reporter of the Commission.
Zephier Recontre, his x mark,
Charles Degres, his x mark,
Ce-ha-pa-chi-ke-la, Little Blackfoot, his x mark.
Chan-ta-pe-a, Strong Heart, his x mark.
Non-pa-ge-gu-mugama, Round Hand, his x mark.
Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Vol. II (Treaties). Compiled
and edited by Charles J. Kappler. Washington: Government
Printing Office, 1904.