Treaty with the Sioux
Ratified Apr. 16, 1808.
Never proclaimed by the President.
Between the United States of America and the Sioux Nation
a conference held between the United States of America
and the Sioux Nation of Indians, Lieut. Z. M. Pike, of
the Army of the United States, and the chiefs and warriors
of the said tribe, have agreed to the following articles,
which when ratified and approved of by the proper authority,
shall be binding on both parties:
1. That the Sioux Nation grants unto the United States
for the purpose of the establishment of military posts,
nine miles square at the mouth of the river St. Croix,
also from below the confluence of the Mississippi and
St. Peters, up the Mississippi, to include the falls of
St. Anthony, extending nine miles on each side of the
river. That the Sioux Nation grants to the United States,
the full sovereignty and power over said districts forever,
without any let or hindrance whatsoever.
2. That in consideration of the above grants the United
States (shall, prior to taking possession thereof, pay
to the Sioux two thousand dollars, or deliver the value
therof in such goods and merchandise as they shall choose).
3. The United States promise on their part to permit the
Sioux to pass, repass, hunt or make other uses of the
said districts, as they have formerly done, without any
other exception, but those specified in article first.
testimony hereof, we, the undersigned, have hereunto set
our hands and seals, at the mouth of the river St. Peters,
on the 23rd day of September, one thousand eight hundred
M. Pike, [SEAL.]
First Lieutenant and Agent at the above conference.
Le Petit Carbeau, his x mark. [SEAL.]
Way Aga Enogee, his x mark. [SEAL.]
gives these notes on the treaty:
treaty does not appear among those printed in the United
States Statutes at Large. It was, however, submitted by
the President to the Senate, March 29, 1808. The Senate
committee reported favorably, on the 13th of April, with
the following amendment to fill the blank in article 2,
viz: "After the word 'States' in the second article
insert the following words: 'shall, prior to taking possession
thereof, pay to the Sioux two thousand dollars, or deliver
the value thereof in such goods and merchandise as they
shall choose.'" In this form the Senate, on the 16th
of April, 1808, advised and consented to its ratification
by a unanimous vote.
examination of the records of the State Department fails
to indicate any subsequent action by the President in
proclaiming the ratification of this treaty; but more
than twenty-five years subsequent to its approval by the
Senate the correspondence of the War Department speaks
of the cessions of land described therein as an accomplished
Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Vol. II (Treaties). Compiled
and edited by Charles J. Kappler. Washington: Government
Printing Office, 1904.