Heritage Site / Ethnography Site / Dakota Nakota Lakota / Family Life

Article: Boys/Mens Stages of Personal Development

Life Cycle Stages

Stages In Learning Cycle

Life Cycle Ceremonies


Hokßi uñöaöi (baby wrapped up)

Teaching (before & after birth) [talk and exercise]

Announcement of birth


Slippery step

(the first steps an infant takes)

Waíañyañ najiñ (standing sacred)

Understanding (begin to understand what you are telling them)

Announcement of first steps

Ear piercing

Huñúa (making of relatives)

Hokßila (boy)

Experience (begin to experience for themselves)

Announcement of first game taken

Walking knee deep in mud

(child is walking on his own but with difficulty)

Koßúalaúa (young man)

Knowledge (from teaching & experience begin to gain knowledge)

Inipi (sweat)

Hamble©iye (first vision quest)

First successful hunt

First enemy struck

Walking in coldness

(the early teenager searching for identity of his own)

Walking in thorns

(young adult, unsure, restless, sometimes out of control and doing crazy things)

Wi©aßa (man)

Application (can actually perform the things they learned first step of wisdom)



Wiwang wa©ipi

Induction into a society

Honoured for achievements

Hunúa for your first born

Tatanka Lowanöi for your daughter

Throwing of the Ball for your child

Wanaði Yuhaöi (spirit keeping)

White Buffalo Owner

Walking among swarming bees

(as an adult you are faced with many demands and are froced to do many things)

Wi©aü©ala (old man)

Intellect (can explain things to the people and can pray, are considered a gifted and knowledgeable person in the community)



Wiwang wa©ipi

Honoured for achievements

Wanaði Yuhaöi (spirit keeping)

Walking over the bodies of your relatives

(if you have a strong mind and body you will out live many of your relatives)

Wayuöiúa (expert) [ie: naca, wi©aßa wakan (holy man that sits in the big belly society), hoúa wi©aßa (expert singer)]

Expert (is an authority in one or more areas, not all men achieve this level)



Wiwang wa©ipi

Honoured for achievements

Wanaði Yuhaöi (spirit keeping)

[you may have the expertise to preside over or conduct ceremonies]

Step on to the wanði ©añku

(the sprit road)