OTOÚAHEÚAÐAÖI (First Beginnings)
(The Creation of Animals)
the Creation Spirits were seated in a circle, during their
feast, Maía did as Gnaß had advised her.
She stood and said to Skañ, "I thank you for
the beautiful ornaments you have given my domain. I also
want to thank Tate, Waúiñyañ, Wohóe
and Ksa for creating them for my pleasure. But to care
for these is a hardship to me, and Ksa has said that we
as the first Creation Spirits, should not have to serve
hearing this, Wohóe said to her father Skañ,
"Father, when we had our first feast, for the Creation
Spirits, it was very hard for me to serve everyone and
I became very tired. It was then that Ksa did say that
the Creation Spirits should not have to serve others.
Then Ksa created the Pte Oyaþe as our servants.
You could create servants to assist Maía. "
knew that Maía had been urged to make the request
in order to cause conflict, and he knew that his daughter's
suggestion was in line with his plans. He also listened
to Ksa, who said, "The lands within Maía's
domain were very dry and barren but now they are beautiful
because of the plants that grow from the ground, bearing
green leaves and flowers of many colors, seeds and fruits
of many kinds. Many of the roots, stems, leaves, seeds
and fruits are good for food. But no sound has been heard
within Maía's domain, except when Skañ speaks
or when Waúiñyañ brings rain. If
creatures, that could make sounds, were put there, the
great silence would be broken and they could consume the
food and help Maía look after her domain. "
they had all discussed Maía's request, Skañ
announced in agreement to Ksa's suggestion, "Tate
shall impart a spiritual power to all that Waúiñyañ
Ksa and Wohóe designed creatures that had no blood.
They designed four kinds and many variations of each kind.
One kind that did not have wings or legs; one kind had
legs but no wings; one kind had both legs and wings, and
could fold their wings; and one kind had both legs and
wings, but could not fold their wings.
took the soft parts of the plants, and from these, created
many different kinds of small eggs. Two of each kind,
were created to produce the creatures designed by Ksa
and Wohóe. Tate then breathed on them, imparting
the spiritual power to them, and then Tate, Ksa, Gnaß
and Waúiñyañ scattered them all over
the lands within Maía's domain. Wi, the sun, warmed
the eggs and from them came all kinds of insects. Two
of each kind, a male and female, from the eggs that Gnaß
had scattered, insects that bit or stung were produced.
The insects were hungry and ate the plants. They laid
eggs and their eggs hatched, so that their numbers increased
and soon there were many insects.
observed them and was distressed, because she was afraid
that the insects would eat, all the ornaments that adorned
her. The insects that hatched from the eggs, that Gnaß
had scattered, stung her so often, that she suffered from
and Gnaß teased and laughed at her. Maía
became angry with the ones who had created the insects.
"Instead of creating servants for me, you have made
creatures that torture me. I want creatures of flesh and
blood to be my helpers", she stated.
Wohóe and Ksa designed three kinds of reptiles.
One kind with tails and legs, one kind with legs but no
tails and one kind that had tails, legs and shells. They
had many varieties of each kind.
then took two eggs from each of the many kinds of insects
and wrapped each egg with fruits. These eggs contained
nourishment which would warm the flesh and blood. Then
Tate breathed on them, imparting to them the spiritual
power. Tate, Waúiñyañ and Ksa placed
the eggs on the ground and covered them with soil. While
they were doing this, Gnaß came along and asked
to help. So Tate gave him some eggs which he scattered
here and there, and Wi warmed all the eggs until they
hatched, producing all kinds of reptiles. Those that hatched
from the eggs that Gnaß had scattered were poisonous.
observed all, and when she saw the bare and ugly reptiles,
she said, "I am afraid of them" . Uñk,
however, was pleased with the reptiles. "I also have
a domain," Uñk said. "Why should everything
be created for Maía?"
take them to live with you. I want creatures of flesh
and blood that are clothed, so they will be beautiful.
I want creatures that walk on the ground, like the reptiles
and creatures that can fly like the insects but, I want
both to have voices," Maía told Uñk.
Uñk happily accepted Maía's offer and assumed
responsibility for the reptiles.
Ksa and Wohóe designed creatures to be clothed
with feathers and to have wings. They designed four kinds.
Ones with short beaks that are not hooked, ones with short
hooked beaks, ones with long slim beaks and ones with
flat beaks, making many variations of each kind.
took eggs of insects and of reptiles and mixed them. From
the ground he took a substance from which he created hard
shells for eggs. Then he shaped two eggs for every variety
that had been designed, one male and the other female.
each egg would be beautifully clothed, Wohóe colored
the eggs giving each variety it's own color.
the four Creation Spirits made nests of twigs and soft
grasses, some large, some small, no two nests were made
alike. A nest was made for each variety. They placed some
nests in trees, some in shrubs, some in grasses and some
on the ground.
again, Gnaß had come along and asked to help. So
Waúiñyañ told Gnaß to make
nests in high places that were difficult to get at. Gnaß
did so but placed thorns in the nests that he made. Then
the four placed the eggs in the nests and gave Gnaß
some of the eggs to place in the nests that he made.
Wi warmed all the eggs and hatched them. When the creatures
had been hatched, they were clothed in down and were helpless
and hungry, crying for food.
Maía came to see the new creatures, Uñk,
Iya and Gnaß also came. They laughed long and loud
at Maía and at the four who had created these creatures.
taunted them saying, "If we would have helped you
design these creatures, they would have been strong and
provided with food. As it is, they are fit for nothing
but to serve as food. "
"They are just the thing to satisfy my hunger,"
and he tried to put some in his mouth. But his arm became
stiff and he could not lift his hand to his mouth.
prayed to her father, and Skañ came to them. Skañ
knew about what Gnaß and Iya had done and he punished
you, Gnaß, have schemed to make Maía look
ridiculous, you must feed these creatures so that they
will grow and become strong. Iya, because you would have
tried to eat these helpless creatures, you must gather
good for Gnaß to feed them. You, Uñk, because
you encouraged your sons to do evil, must prepare all
the food for these new creatures. "
and her sons obeyed Skañ. While Gnaß gathered
the food, the thorns that he caused to grow, tore at him;
the poisoned plants, poisoned him; the insects stung him;
and the poisonous reptiles bit him. Thus, he was punished
for creating his evils.
of Iya was made long and his hand webbed like a net, so
that with each sweep, he would grasp many insects. He
attempted to devour the insects that he caught. But each
time he would attempt to eat them, his arm would. stiffen
like a pole and could not raise his hand to his mouth.
So he had no choice but to feed the insects to the creatures
in the nests.
these creatures grew. Their down became feathers and quills
grew on their wings and tails. Wohóe watched over
them to see that none were neglected. When their feathers
and quills were fully grown, she colored them so that
no two varieties were alike. She made the male and female
of each variety different. To some she gave brilliant
colors and to some somber colors.
them how to build their nest and sit on their eggs. Wohóe
taught them how to care for their young until they could
care for themselves. Ksa then taught them to make sounds,
just like he had with the insects. Their voices were strong
and many were lovely but some were harsh and their languages
were songs. Each kind of bird sang a song that no other
observed it all, she was very happy with the new creatures,
they were beautiful. They greeted her, each in their own
language. Some spoke in a pleasing manner, while others
spoke quite harshly. Those who spoke harshest were those
that hatched in the nests made by Gnaß. They had
beaks that could cut and tear and each had talons on their
toes, which looked like crooked thorns.
said, "I will name these lovely creatures, `birds'
. " She invited the Creation Spirits and Uñk
and her sons to come and see the birds. All came and were
very pleased with the creation. Then Maía said,
"Wohóe, since you have cared for the birds
and made them beautiful, I give you these beautiful creatures
to care for. "
Uñk spoke, "You have cast me away from you,
although I was created as your associate. You always give
favours in such a way that they benefit you. I feel I
should share in the beauty of this creation. "
Wohóe said to Uñk, "The birds are mine
to do with as I please. If it pleases you, you may choose
those you like and I will let you have them for your domain.
"Uñk chose the cranes, the swans, the geese,
the ducks and the snipes. They went to live in her domain
but forever retained their reverence for Wohóe.
way, the birds came to populate the earth, each reproducing
in their own manner.
talked with the birds and asked each what they could do
to assist her. When she raised the question of helping
her, they flew away from her and into the air. This made
Maía very angry and she complained to those who
created them, saying, "You have not made creatures
to assist me, you have only made creatures who depend
laughed gleefully and teased Tate, Ksa, Wohóe and
Waúiñyañ saying that they could not
create anything that was pleasing. Cunningly, he flattered
Maía saying, "Because of my advice, you have
been given many beautiful creatures. If you appeal to
Skañ again, he may give you creatures which will
actually serve you and not be dependant upon you. "
next feast, Maía again complained to Skañ,
"Wohóe, Ksa, Waúiñyañ
and Tate have made me into a joke. They have made the
birds which do not serve me, but only fly in the domain
of Wi the Sun, and Uñk the moon, who are claiming
them as their own. Ask the Four to create, for me, creatures
that are made of flesh and blood that are clothed and
able to walk on my lands." Skañ smiled, because
Maía's request was in line with his plans.
the Rock, then stood and spoke to the Creation Spirits,
saying, "I was before there was any other. Alone
in the darkness, my soft shapeless mass was powerful.I
thought only to gratify myself by creating another being.
I gave of my substance and all my blood and powers, so
that there could be another. In doing so, Maía
was created, I shriveled and became hard, so I shall endure
forever, and Maía was the cause of my impotence.
She was young and had many ideas, whose benefits I did
not foresee. She taunted me until I agreed to create others,
which is good. She is your ancestress and it is because
of her, that all other creatures exist, but none are subject
to her. I am content because I am the ancestor of all,
but I am disturbed by the strife of my grandchildren.
Skañ, you were pleased to create the Pte Oyate
to serve the Creation Spirits. Now, Skañ, I ask
you to make creatures, which will be slightly inferior
to the Pte Oyate, to assist Maía and be of benefit
and pleasure to all."
Spirits said, "Nuñwe" and Skañ
said "Ho" .
and all the Creation Spirits and the creatures that breath,
then gathered on the earth. Skañ took clay from
the ground and some substance from the insects, reptiles
and birds. He mixed these and gave a portion of the mixture
to each of the Creation Spirits, instructing them to mold
shapes that have four legs, but not having legs or wings.
then instructed Tate to breath on each shape. He did,
breathing ni, the vitality, into their flesh, bones and
blood. Skañ then told Waúiñyañ
to clothe each shape and he did so, some with course hair,
some with fine hair, some with fur and some with a mixture
of these. When he came to the forms molded by Uñk,
she glared at him. So he clothed some of those shapes
with slime and some with scales.
all were clothed, Skañ asked Wi to warm them. But
when he came to those that were covered with slime and
scales, Uñk glared at him as well, so he turned
away from them and they remained cold.
When Waúiñyañ and Wi told Skañ
about the forms shaped by Uñk, Skañ said,
"Uñk, because you have disobeyed me, the creatures
you have shaped shall be cold while they live." Skañ
then gave each shape a naðila or Spirit. He then asked
Ksa to instruct the creatures.
the creatures, "You are the animals, who will live
in the domain of Maía and serve her. " He
then taught each kind it's own language, and to understand
the languages spoken by all other creatures. He taught
them to live together as relatives and that none were
to be afraid of the others. He taught them games and other
amusements, so that they could gather often, and enjoy
themselves by singing, dancing and playing games. In this
way there would be harmony within Maía's domain.
Ksa came to the shapes molded by Uñk, he was puzzled
because they had no legs and could not walk. After some
consideration, he said to them, "Because of your
shapes, you must live in Uñk's domain, which is
the waters and you will be known as fish. There, you will
not hear, or make any sounds, so you will not need a language.
way, the animals were created for the land and the fish
for the water.
then said to Maía, "Because you have listened
to Gnaß and are always insisting on something and
never being pleased, you shall forever care for all that
exists on the lands and protect their welfare. The animals
and things created, shall know you Maía, as their
mother, but they shall be for the benefit and pleasure
of all. "
then bowed before Skañ saying, "I am unworthy
of a seat in the circle of the Creation Spirits. I have
worked only for my own pleasure. On all my domain are
symbols, reminding me of my folly. The Creation Spirits
have justly humiliated me. My punishment is just. "
stood beside Maía and said to her, "My father
has worked to free you from your vanity and envy by letting
things take place as they have. The things that have been
placed within your domain, will annoy you. They shall
be a constant reminder that the greatest pleasure comes
from pleasing others. Be comforted, for none sit more
securely in the circle of the Creation Spirits then those
who are humble. None remember an error that is repented.
I love and respect you now more than ever. "
again bowed down before Skañ and said, "If
your daughter, Wohóe, were my associate and counselor,
I know that I could redeem myself and carry out my duties.
daughter shall not be subordinate to no one, except myself,"
you have made me the patron of compassion. Allow me and
my companion Ksa, to live with Maía and assist
her while she needs us, " Wohóe injected.
the Creation Spirits cried, "Nuñwe"
the daughter of Skañ became the associate of Maía.
then complained to Skañ, saying that she did not
have enough creatures in her extensive domain. Skañ
then granted her the powers to create any creatures she
desired for her domain.
consulted with her sons. Iya asked his mother to create
monsters that would live in the waters but would be able
to go on land. Uñk created the monsters and they
were ravenous and destroyed all living things in their
path. Iya, gleefully followed them, taking everything
they left for dead as food.
declared himself an enemy of these monsters that Uñk
named Uñkteüila and attacked them whenever
he came upon them. There was continuous warfare between
Waúiñyañ and the Uñkteüi
until finally the Uñkteüi were all destroyed
and nothing remained of them except their huge bones that
were stone and would never perish.
asked his mother to make very small creatures that would
exist in the waters so that when the creatures from the
lands drank, they would swallow the small creatures and
become ill. Uñk created such creatures to live
in still waters and named them Mni Waþu. Such creatures
exist in stagnant water and torment all who swallow them.
also, declared himself an enemy of the Mni Waþu.
Waúiñyañ destroyed the Mni Waþu
whenever he came upon them, but he was forbidden to enter
the waters, therefore, most of them were safe from him.
looked over her domain and was quite pleased, but Gnaß
laughed at her saying, "You have all these creatures,
but you do not have one to be your servant. Why not create
a creature, to be your messenger and servant`?"
then created a creature, with it's body inside a shell
of bone that protected it from wounds. It's head was like
that of a bird and it had a beak without teeth. It's legs
were long and strong, so that it could go swiftly on land;
or swim swiftly in the waters. It's tail was like that
of reptiles and it's voice was like the roaring of a great
animal. It could breath either air or in water. It could
attack others fiercely, but could enclose itself in it's
shell when under attack. Uñk named this creature
Íeya or the turtle. Íeya became Uñk's
servant and messenger.
to make trouble, told Iya, "Íeya is your enemy
and seeks to destroy you. "
attacked Keya and they fought furiously. Gnaß gleefully
watched them. Neither could beat the other. Gnaß
took each one aside and said, "You will win if you
keep on fighting. "
and Íeya fought whenever and wherever they met.
seeing the two fighting, held back on his usual fights
with Iya and watched them.
Gnaß told Waúiñyañ, "I
have set these two evil ones against each other so they
can destroy one another. In doing this, I am helping you
rid the world of evil. "
not trusting Gnaß, asked Íeya, "What
are your duties'?" Íeya replied, "I do
all that I am asked to do."
you can live and breathe in the waters, which I am forbidden
from entering, you can help me in my work of ridding the
world of evil. You can destroy the Mni Waþu for
me. If you do this for me, I will not consider you an
agreed to help Waúiñyañ. As a reward
for his help, Waúiñyañ promised Íeya
that he could reproduce, so that there could be many of
his kind. Waúiñyañ then adopted Íeya
and all his off spring.
Creation Spirits saw it and said, "Nuñwe"
and it was so.