Heritage Site / Ethnography Site / Dene / Territory

Article: Treaty 10

On August 28, 1906, Chief Raphael Bedshidekkge signed Treaty 10 for the Clear Lake Band, which later became the Buffalo River First Nation. The Order in Council creating the Treaty Commission stated that:

“It is in the public interest that the whole of the territory included within the boundaries of the Provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta should be relieved of the claims of the aborigines.”
More specifically, the public interest in entering into the treaty was to open up the north for resource development and settlement. The treaty followed the usual form (that is, it was based on other numbered treaties), and included the following standard hunting, trapping, and fishing rights clause:

“And His Majesty the King hereby agrees with the said Indians that they shall have the right to pursue their usual vocations of hunting, trapping and fishing throughout the territory surrendered as heretofore described, subject to such regulations as may from time to time be made by the government of the country acting under the authority of His Majesty and saving and excepting such tracts as may be required or as may be taken up from time to time for settlement, mining, lumbering, trading or other purposes.”