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Article: Origin of the Denes¶øiné

According to scholars and scientific studies from the Western philosophy perspectives the Dene, Navajo and Apache were once one tribe or group of people sharing the same concept of the world. There is still a debate going on about when the separation took place. It is believed that the Navajo and Apache tribes left the northern Athabascan group and spread out into the Southwest four regions: Northern New Mexico, a portion of Southern Utah, and a part of Northern Arizona around the period of the fourteenth century. Sahtu Dene - George Blondin (1990).

This theory tells us that the Navajo migrated from northern regions with other Apache peoples who are linguistically related to the Athabascan language group. Studies suggest that the separation occurred in 1000 AD. The division took place over four hundred years ago. These are only rough estimates and Navajo beliefs reject this theory on the argument that there is no concrete evidence in their oral tradition of this movement. So they are saying Denes¶øiné must have migrated from the Southwest of what is now the United States to Northern Canada.

Centuries of European presence in Canada have left many traces and scars among the First Nation's people through the influx of immigration and imposition of their philosophies, belief systems and ways of life upon the earth. We begin to understand the complex histories of Canada and its First Nation's people, when one examines the prior social existence and practices of them and how colonialism gradually changed the people. The oral information that was passed down from generation to generation has provided the Dene people with a strong and valid description of their past. This has also provided them with the tools required explaining their existence and creation with unique values, beliefs and assumptions of the metaphysical and physical world. The Dene language is one of the most complex languages in the world, it is the key to our past. Historians and Anthropologists have constructed a history of First Nation's people of Canada through oral record and physical evidence. They also use European documents and information compiled using the method of existing sciences. There is a quote that best suit the latter statement by an elder lady, "Where do these people come from, Outside? You tell different stories from us people. You people talk from paper and me I talk from Grandpa."

Europeans have designed a scientific method that tells them a common theory that First nation’s people came to Canada across the Bering Strait some thousands of years ago. The only method of inquiry that Dene people possess is an oral traditional history and stories of how they came to be in the land the Creator gave them to look after. Culture is a powerful entity, it is to any organization in comparison to what identity is to man and woman. Culture consists of shared beliefs, values and assumptions toward a common vision of any group of people. Having said that, the European philosophy that has derived from their culture is the product of how scientific specialists conduct their method of inquiry and use it to measure the origin of the First Nation's people of Canada.