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Article: Stages of Personal Development

Poor orphans took up a role model, hunter and leader and went to live with family that provided with food clothing and use of family horses. Received formal training in hunting and warfare.

Young man- doing raids, brave fighter became worthy young man.
-First to defend camp from raiders
-keep open house and feed visitors and guests frequently.

Warriors organized social functions and had definite duties and participated in dances.
- Warriors higher prestige level than worthy young men.
- Worthy young men required to own number of horses, hides and other material possessions.
Warrior societies had their own songs and insignia.
Oskapewisak "servers", were pipe carrier servers, served food and worked for ceremonial lodges.

The child was nurtured and reminded of her role in life early in childhood. Fertility prayers are said for female childhood and to be a good worker. The child is taught to watch craft making at an early age and encouraged to try it out. The girl is prepared for the rites of passage at puberty. The girl is taught the craft of sewing, quillwork, manners about marriage and the roles she has to play and all womanly responsibilities. Her mentor is paid with offerings to teach her. The mentors had gone through the rites of passage and know what they have to teach to pass on the knowledge to the young girl.

The arranged marriages may have been done at infancy or at the time in the young girl's life. The prospect son in law is monitored by the future in-laws of his behavior, attitudes, bravery, provider, raider and material possessions. The woman marries and is ready for anything that needs to be done to keep a household as young as fourteen and fifteen.

The older women teach younger girls as their own children or other members of their band. She teaches about herbs and plant medicines. Her mentor can also take her on a vision quest and guide her in ceremonial participation, which is singing and praying for people.