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Article: Kinship System

Basic principles of the kinship systems are:

Each member of the second descending generation from ego is called nocisim, grandchild.

All in the second ascending generation from ego are nokum grandmother, or nimusoom, grandfather.

There are differing terms for speakers' elder brother and younger sister, for the speakers' elder sister and younger sister. Siblings who stand in other relationship to ego are not differentiated according to age.

Children of cross cousins are called by the terms son or daughter. Children of male cross cousins are called by the terms used for sister's son and sister's daughter.

Children of male siblings are called son and daughter.

Paralell cousins may be called by terms for sibling or by a special term for this relationship. Children of male parallel cousins are called son and daughter. Children of female paralell cousins are called sister's son and sister's daughter.

When kinship terms were used vocatively, there was a tendency to employ terms of closer kinship than would otherwise be used. This is done by equating of siblings: for example father's brother would be called father, mother's sister would be called mother.

"Strict mother in-law was avoidance was observed no could a man speak to his father -in-law except under one condition. if upon returning from battle, a man presented his father -in law with a scalp which he had taken. A woman was very close to her mother -in-law, but could have nothing to do with her father-in -law. in case of an enemy raid a woman could speak to her father-in-law with her back turned but speak so he could hear her. This extended to the siblings of the married person. a girl could not speak to her brothers and a man most never talk to his sisters."