Early Reserve Period
present  the Plains Cree are settled on some twenty-four
small reserves in Saskatchewan and Alberta, and on one
reserve, Rocky Boy, in Montana. The Montana reserve was
largely composed of those Plains Cree who fled to the
United States after the Riel Rebellion of 1885.
The River People, cipiwiyiniwak, lived between the North
Saskatchewan and Battle rivers, as far west as the present
Alberta line. This was their usual locale, but they also
hunted westward to the vicinity of Edmonton and went south
to the forks of the South Saskatchewan. When the buffalo
vanished from their country, they penetrated far into
Montana in quest of the herds. This band was allocated
to the Sweet Grass and Little Pine reserves of the Battleford
The eastern bands were given the collective name, mamihkiyiniwak,
Downstream People. In this division were the Calling River
People, Rabbit Skins, and Touchwood Hills People. The
western group was known collectively by the name applied
to the westernmost band natimiwiyiniwak, Upstream People.
Besides the Upstream People proper, this division included
the House, Parklands, and River People. The Cree-Assiniboin
were sometimes included in the latter term, sometimes
called paskwa wiyiniwak, Prairie People.