The Canoe Lake First Nation came into existence when the leaders of their tribe signed Treaty No. 10 in September 1906. It is presently 12,684 hectares in size. The original reserve is located 39 kilometres southwest of Ile A La Crosse. Through a recent Treaty Land Entitlement process, the Canoe Lake First Nation added 5,393 hectares of land to reserve status, this new land is located 40 kilometres from the existing reserve land. The total registered population is 1,482, with 640 residing on-reserve. The language spoken is Cree.